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Community of Practice for Organizational Knowledge Management

Communities of Practice For Organizational Knowledge Management

Category: Knowledge Management

Last updated on Jul 3, 2024

Success in any industry hinges on the ability of organizations to embrace change and cultivate a culture of continuous earning. Many organizations, particularly larger ones, struggle with knowledge silos where valuable, tacit information remains confined within individual teams and exists only in the mind of employees. As a result, there is limited information flow and poor knowledge retention, which could lead organizations to fall behind competitors.

You need to take a strategic approach to encourage a forward-thinking and progressive organization. One approach that has shown promise is establishing Communities of Practice (CoPs) within organizations. However, while the integration of CoPs has proven to have great benefits for organizational knowledge management, it faces several challenges. One is the widening gap in understanding the best practices and strategies for integrating CoPs into the broader organizational knowledge management framework.

In this article, we’ll discuss what CoPs are, how organizations can establish and sustain them, and what strategies can be employed to measure and maximize their impact. Here’s a detailed guide.

What Are Communities of Practice?

Communities of Practice consist of a group of team members who get together to learn and share knowledge or interest in a passion, profession or topic. This is a community where members can share tacit knowledge gained from personal experience, contribute their different viewpoints and exchange resources for the benefit of the members.

Establishing a Community of Practice (CoP) within a company is a great approach, to uniting employees within a team or department so as to foster interests and promote knowledge-building. For instance, staff members in a company can work for CoPs centred around areas such as marketing, customer support, and specific tasks like logistics and branding. This differs from a learning community whose primary goal is to support individuals in acquiring knowledge.

Types of Communities of Practice

There are different types of Communities of Practice, and your choice would depend on what your organization needs.

Professional Community of Practice

The Professional Community of Practice consists of a network of professionals in the fields working together to expand their knowledge and improve their expertise. Such communities are needed in industries where ongoing professional growth is crucial for upholding top-notch standards in a changing landscape.

Three pillars of COP

Members in these groups may comprise academics, experts, delivery managers, and practitioners who bring their ideas, opinions, and practical insights. Key objectives of this form of community include advancing innovation tailored to career-promoting practices and nurturing professional development. By participating in this community, members can ensure they stay aware and competitive in their fields.

Non-professional community

The non-professional community of practice consists of people with similar interests, which do not necessarily relate to the individual’s occupation. These communities could be among others. The majority, however, aims at social interactions and communities. Even though they are not likely to provide occupational enhancement benefits, they are likely to provide lots of benefits to the members. Much attention is paid to the role they play for the feeling of belonging for the members as they collectively and selflessly strive towards the achievement of a common objective.

Helping Community

The Helping Community operates by providing round-the-clock support to members of the team who will need help, especially during the late hours of the night. As the name suggests, their primary goal is to provide “help when needed”. This community is based on a specific domain where support can be provided in live mode or can be provided with a self-service portal. Usually, they incorporate content with frequently asked questions

(FAQs), and detailed knowledge bases, an internal wiki, and support to address some issues that may be a barrier to the achievements of team members. Consequently, it is only a matter of supporting the members of the team so that they can effectively address challenges when attempting to perform organizational tasks.

Best Practice Community

The Best Practice Community defines and optimizes an organization’s standard operating procedures. It is targeted at individuals and the team’s overall success, considering ways to keep the organization moving forward in the right direction.

Learning Community of Practice

The Learning Community of Practice includes people with similar learning goals and the drive to expand their knowledge on a specific topic. Therefore, this community is the ultimate knowledge-sharing community where members encourage themselves to share knowledge and serve as accountability partners.

Knowledge Stewarding Community

The Knowledge Stewarding Community focuses on managing, preserving, and disseminating organizational knowledge. The goal is to ensure valuable knowledge assets are captured and accessible to key stakeholders. It plays a crucial role in preventing the loss of knowledge. Members of this community are committed to knowledge stewardship by developing knowledge management systems, encouraging best practices for knowledge sharing, and maintaining knowledge repositories.

The effectiveness of the Knowledge Stewarding Community depends on integrating knowledge management practices into the organization. Members can leverage collaborative platforms and content management systems to facilitate knowledge sharing. In this blog, we will focus on building Knowledge Stewarding Communities, exploring the best strategies and tools to help organizations create valuable knowledge assets.

Why is CoP important for Knowledge Management?

Communities of Practice (CoPs) have several important roles in knowledge management, including facilitating knowledge sharing among team members within an organization. Most organizations have valuable knowledge restricted to certain more experienced individuals or siloed within departments. However, CoPs can help to break down these silos to enable free flow of knowledge across various departments within the organization. This is especially important within organizations where rapid information dissemination can help drive innovation and improve overall efficiency.

In knowledge creation, CoPs are effective, so it does not only share the existing knowledge but also the creation of new knowledge. Even during the problem-solving or collaborative discussions of CoPs, members of a CoP can get new perspectives on certain subjects. Finally, this shared environment that would be fostered will enable members to improve on their strengths and avoid making previous mistakes. Thus, CoPs assist in the utilization of several talents of the group members.

Communities of practice are also integral to fostering a culture of continuous organizational learning. It’s important to create an environment where learning never stops, and this is possible through CoPs. They encourage group learning, resource sharing and peer-to-peer accountability. Consequently, this helps companies maintain their relevance as a workplace, as constant learning makes the organization flexible to the changes within it and the conditions outside the working environment.

Finally, it’s important to mention how CoPs encourage employee engagement and retention. When knowledge management is practised within an organization, it creates a sense of community and belonging amongst employees. Thus, employee participation in CoPs is the action aimed at knowledge sharing and communication to become an important asset to the company’s performance. These will help in improving the employee engagement, and rates of retention, since people tend to be more inspired to work harder when they see the purpose and goals of their organizations, and hence leads to improvement in the levels of job satisfaction within the firm.

Benefits of Building KM CoP in Your Organization

Enhances individual employee’s abilities through CoPs

An advantage of building knowledge management Communities of Practice within an organization is that it enhances the abilities of individual employees. This is possible because it provides a platform where employees can freely share best practices, experiences, and key insights to foster continuous learning and development. With this, employees can gain new skills and knowledge to boost their professional growth. Employees can also receive expert guidance, which will accelerate their learning curve.

Improved Team wide Communication and Collaboration

Knowledge Management Community of Practices also encourages improved team-wide communication and collaboration across different departments within an organization. Enhanced communication creates an interconnected network where information flows freely without barriers, ensuring everyone is always on the same page. This is especially useful in marketing agencies where creative and analytical teams need information to form a cohesive strategy that fosters data-driven decision
making processes.

Streamlines processes and minimizes blockers

Knowledge management Communities of Practice play a crucial role in streamlining processes and minimizing blockers that can threaten organizational success. By facilitating the sharing of standard operating procedures and best practices, CoPs ensure that employees are well-informed and confident in their methods and strategies. This not only reduces the chances of errors but also leads to more efficient workflows.

CoPs also empower employees to identify and address common obstacles, fostering a proactive approach to problem-solving. This sense of security and confidence is particularly valuable in a manufacturing company, where disseminating lean manufacturing practices can help optimize production processes and eliminate waste.

Effective communication of tacit knowledge

It is often challenging to share technical know-how gained through personal experience. However, KM CoPs can help to facilitate the effective sharing of this tacit knowledge within an organization. They enable the transfer of insights that are not easily documented. This tacit knowledge exchange helps build a more comprehensive understanding of complex processes through tools like knowledge bases.

Improves customer service with self-service resources

Customer service is the heart of any organization, as your customers will remain loyal when they believe they are important and are treated as such. Therefore, organizations can improve customer service using self-service resources such as a comprehensive knowledge base, FAQ’s and even AI-powered chatbots.

These will contain detailed guides and answers to questions that customers can access without increasing the burden on your customer service team. Feedback collected through customer interactions on these self-service platforms can be useful in identifying areas for improvement.

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How to Organize Successful KM CoP

1. Identify the roles of multiple levels of participation

Organizing a successful KM CoP involves establishing clear roles for multiple levels of participation. Every role is crucial towards overall success as they play a distinct part in driving the community towards effective knowledge sharing and achieving organizational goals.

a. Community Manager

A community manager is a key stakeholder in any KM CoP. This person is in charge of overseeing all the administrative and coordinating activities of this community. This role is often assigned to someone from the HR department or an organization development team of some sort.

Thus, they are involved in member communication, event coordination, community platform configuration and management, content creation and strategic planning. The individual should be able to manage a project, community and knowledge while also understanding and using collaboration tools and technologies.

b. Community leader

Unlike the community manager, the community leader is expected to be a subject matter expert because they have the responsibility of management with a strong focus on thought leadership for the community. Often, these are subject matter experts or senior members who create an atmosphere that encourages innovation from members to guide the community’s focus.

In addition, the community leader is also saddled with the responsibility of mentoring junior members, sharing valuable knowledge from personal experiences, and discussing their opinions on subjects. So, this means anyone taking on this role must have a good
communication skills, subject-matter knowledge and a talent for motivation communities.

c. Community sponsor

The community sponsor is an organizational manager who takes charge of the community’s finances. This role is often held by senior executives, managers, or someone in authority. This individual presents the budget and also receives reports from the community head. While this person is not expected to get involved in the community’s day-to-day affairs, they should at least be aware of the community’s progress.

d. Knowledge management adviser

It’s great to have a dedicated knowledge management adviser when building a community of practice. Simply put, this is a professional who is responsible for overseeing and guiding an organization’s knowledge management to ensure its growth. In many companies, this role is dedicated to a chief knowledge officer (CKO), a learning and development manager or a knowledge management consultant.

Such individuals should have general knowledge of Communities of Practice because of their proficiency in capturing institutional knowledge, documenting it, and distributing it so that every member can benefit from the community’s success. What’s more, the knowledge management adviser also trains employees on KM tools and practices and maintains the knowledge base.

e. Technical expert

The technical expert is skilled at working with collaboration platforms that host Communities of Practice. In an ideal scenario, this person should have deep technical expertise and the ability to address complex technical issues that may arise within the community. Their key roles include troubleshooting problems, and this means being updated on the latest technological advancements and tools within the industry.

f. Members

Members are the backbone of the KM CoP. Usually, these are employees who come from different roles and levels within the company, depending on their expertise and interest in the CoP’s focus area.

Their diverse backgrounds and perspectives enrich the community’s knowledge base as they actively participate in community activities. The active participation of members pushes the community more towards success. Within an organization, members include employees from different departments who contribute their unique insights through a culture of transparency and continuous learning.

2. Make sure communication and Knowledge Creation are easy

Organizing a successful KM CoP involves organizing streamlined and user-friendly communication and knowledge-creation processes. Therefore, organizations should leverage the right tools and technologies to make knowledge shareable and accessible to all key stakeholders. To facilitate seamless communication, foster collaboration by introducing tools like wiki software, forums, and instant messaging platforms. Some great tools within these categories are Document360, Slack, and Trello. These should be integrated into daily workflows to provide real-time communication capabilities and service as central knowledge repositories.

Make knowledge creation easy by providing clear guidelines for documenting and sharing knowledge. Therefore, all members should be thoroughly trained to capture knowledge effectively through various means, including media tools and written documents. This should be seen as a collaborative process where everyone can contribute and enhance each other’s contribution. Use periodic and consistent virtual workshops, webinars, and meetings to facilitate communication and knowledge creation.

3. Encourage active participation of members

A polarized workforce is a recipe for disaster. Encourage the active participation of members through engagement strategies that motivate them to contribute regularly. These can be achieved through a combination of recognition strategies and incentives. Overall, organizations should create an inclusive and supportive organizational culture. Recognizing and rewarding member contributions can encourage participation as it drives intrinsic motivation. Organizational leaders can also involve members in decision-making to give them a voice and foster a deeper sense of commitment to the Community of Practice. Overall, it’s a great idea to provide constant training and support to help members develop essential skills that will drive productive participation.

4. Integrating CoPs within Broader Learning Systems

Integrating Community of Practice (CoPs) into the broader learning systems helps the community align with the organization’s overall learning and development strategy. This includes embedding the Communities of Practice into the formal training program by making it a crucial part of the employee onboarding process. This allows the employee to access valuable knowledge resources instantly and become more familiar with collaborative tools. It’s also important to align the community with the organization’s strategic goals and objectives. While the CoPs focus on activities relevant to the organization, they can also leverage knowledge shared within the CoPs to identify knowledge gaps and current trends. This insight is useful in developing better knowledge management strategies.

5. Choose the right technology

Choosing the right technology will make collaboration, communication, and knowledge sharing seamless.

a. Community Platform- Circle

Circle is a community management platform, where you can invite external and internal teams to contribute their knowledge for discussion. Expertise can share their knowledge and support innovation and growth. The main purpose of this platform is to help businesses build a home for their community. You can create multiple communities, set up user restrictions and provide SSO logins.

b. Knowledge Management Tools -Document360

Document360 is a powerful knowledge management tool that helps organizations create and maintain a comprehensive knowledge base. It helps efficiently organize, store and retrieve knowledge assets. This knowledge management tool provides a centralized knowledge repository where members can easily access valuable information and best practices. With version control, users can maintain multiple versions of documents to track changes and monitor document history within the community. A direct result is enhanced efficiency and productivity as members can easily find the information they need and collaborate in real-time.

Knowledge base example

An intuitive knowledge management tool to easily create COPs in Knowledge base. Give Document360 a try!


c.Tools for Communication & collaboration – Slack

Slack is a popular communication and collaboration tool that facilitates real-time communication for seamless exchange of information and ideas. This allows team members to solve issues quickly and efficiently. It fosters focused and relevant discussions through features such as channel creation for specific teams or projects. Meanwhile, Slack integrates with other tools, such as Document360, Trello for seamless workflow.


Integrating Communities of Practice into your organization is a no-brainer. This is a great way to ensure your team is driven towards professional growth and development individually and collectively. However, incorporating knowledge-based software into your tech stack is crucial, especially if you want to boost organizational productivity and efficiency. Schedule a demo today.

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